Water-borne diseases are the most common cause of deaths. The lack of clean water for domestic use is the major reasons which have led to the increase in the number of deaths in both the urban and rural parts of our Nation. Here are the 5 most deadly water-borne diseases in India.
In India diarrhea remains the most prevalent water related disease. Children below 5 years of age are more vulnerable to this disease which often leads to death. It is prevalently caused by microorganisms that occur in untreated water and unhealthy food. It spreads through contaminated food and drinking water. Diarrheal attacks can last up to 2 weeks and leave the person completely dehydrated.
Symptoms of diarrhea include
India is a huge victim of Cholera disease. Thousands of patients suffer from cholera every year. It is caused by the Vibrio cholerae bacterium. The causative bacterium spreads through contaminated food and water and starts working in a person after ingested. Cholera is diarrheal in nature. If left unattended, it can kill the patient in hours. It affects both children and adults.
Common symptoms of cholera include
Plasmodium parasite mosquito is the major cause of malaria. It breeds in water bodies like lakes, etc. Stagnant water is the breeding ground for these deadly parasites. In India, the disease mostly kills children. Adults form immunity against the parasite, over the years, and hence are generally safe.
Japanese encephalitis is a water-borne disease caused by the Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Culex vishnui type of mosquitoes. These mosquitoes’ breed in paddy fields that is flooded with water. Hence, Japanese encephalitis predominantly occurs in the agricultural regions of India.
The Japanese encephalitis virus generally attacks children t and in some cases it can lead to death.
The symptoms of Japanese encephalitis include
Filariasis disease normally affects people who live near unsanitary water bodies or sewages. It is spread by mosquitoes that breed in fresh and stagnant water bodies. These mosquitoes are the host of the filarial nematode worm. This worm affects humans and leads to Filariasis.
Mostly there is no symptom. However in rare cases, if the infection is long-term, it damages the lymph system causing swelling in the legs, arms and genitalia.
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